Research Groups

Group IV: Crises, Public Policies, Fiscal Policy and the Euro

This Group aims at analysing the two different crises (the sovereign-debt and pandemic crises) that hit the E(M)U in the last decades, and to discuss the effectiveness and impact of policy responses designed to address them. The Group will investigate future perspectives for monetary and fiscal policies in the EMU, in particular prospects for the European Economic Governance, including the revision of European fiscal rules and of its legal framework (e.g. the Stability Pact).

Projects

Accordingly, this Group will cooperate and simultaneously develop three projects in the period 2020-2024:

The main objective of the research project is to analyse the effects of the 2007-2008 financial crisis and its aftermath on the Portuguese social security system. Bearing in mind that the Constitution of the Portuguese Republic (Article 63) enshrines social security as a universal fundamental right, the project will analyse the effects of austerity in the period of 'adjustment' (2010-2014).

It is also intended to analyse the extent to which the crisis served as a pretext for a reform of the social security system. By calling into question the constitutional rules, have these measures not represented a permanent resizing of social rights and, thus, a reconfiguration of the welfare state in Portugal? Under the pressure of a state of financial need that temporarily suspended and restricted social security rights (in the case of pensions), has this transitional period not been transformed into a new state of normality, with the state of financial exception normalizing?

In partnership with the Centro de Estudos Sociais da Universidade de Coimbra and the Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia do ISCTE – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa.

Duration: 2017-2022 (60 months)

José Maria Castro Caldas

Tiago Oliveira

Clara Oliveira

Frederico Cantante

João Pedroso

Manuel Carvalho da Silva

Nuno Teles

Paulo Pedroso

Pedro Adão e Silva

Renato Miguel do Carmo

Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky

The project aims at analysing the two different crises (the sovereign-debt and pandemic crises) that hit the E(M)U in the last decades, and to discuss the effectiveness and impact of policy responses designed to address them. The Group will investigate future perspectives for monetary and fiscal policies in the EMU, including the evolution of the EU budget, multiannual financial perspectives (MFF), the creation of a fiscal capacity, the own resources system and the financing of the EU budget, and of EU budgetary policy (scope and challenges). In the short term, the group will assess the impact of the Recovery and Resilience Plan.

Duration: 2020-2023 (36 months)

The object of this project was the mutual dependency relations between employment and social protection.

It aims to answer the following research questions:

1) What are the mechanisms that link employment (unemployment, precariousness, wage decline) to social protection (its responsiveness to increasing demands), and how do the increased pressure on the social protection system, as well as its weaknesses, contribute to increase employment and unemployment risks?

2) How have the articulation of the employment and social protection crises converged in the production and cumulative reproduction of inequalities, and how can this process be reversed by public policies?

Duration: 2018-2022 (47 months)

Renato Miguel do Carmo

Isabel Roque

Frederico Cantante

Jorge Caleiras

José Maria Castro Caldas

Manuel Carvalho da Silva

Paulo Pedroso

Pedro Adão e Silva

Sílvia Ferreira

Nuno Nunes

Pedro Abrantes

The application of EU law considers that an appropriate link with the territory of the Union and the basic principle of territoriality enshrined in public international law must be respected.

However, in some cases, public international law allows states to exercise their extraterritorial jurisdiction. We have found exceptions to the principle of territoriality, namely in the application of the following principles or theories: i) Objective territoriality; ii) Universality; iii) "Effective control"; iv) Nationality; v) "Substantial connection"; vi) Effects.

This phenomenon - which we call "extraterritoriality of EU economic law" - cannot be noticed in different branches of law, such as competition law, food and consumer law, environmental law and commercial law.

Briefly, during this project we were concerned to:

  • Understanding the EU's new approach to the territory principle according to EU economic law and the case law of the Court of Justice;
  • Understanding how EU economic law is applied and how the acquis communautaire is being received in EU neighbouring countries, notably pre-accession countries;
  • Understand the application of EU economic law in third countries;
  • Understand how international economic relations pursued by the EU can help promote EU world economic law.

The project integrated the EU Law courses of the Lisbon Law School. An international research network was set up to facilitate debate and knowledge sharing between the countries involved in the project.

Duration: 2018-2022 (49 months)

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