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Home | Projects | Group II: Globalization, Economic Integration and Development

Group II: Globalization, Economic Integration and Development: European and Lusophone Perspectives

The Principal Coordinator [Prof. Dr. Eduardo Manuel Hintze da Paz Ferreira]  and the Principal Researcher of this Group [Prof. Dr. Pedro Infante Mota] define the policy and strategy of the projects and activities carried out by the participating researchers and assume the responsibility for the organization and follow up of the inter-related projects.

The Group is organized in order to investigate and set up policy and legal solutions to access the natural resources, the effects of international trade on the sustainability of natural resources, the environmental impact of resources trade (‘natural resources curse’) and the resource price volatility, taking into account the challenges faced by the EU member States, BRICs, Developing Countries, (especially Lusophone) and USA.

Furthermore, inter-dependency amongst nations across the world is progressing at an unprecedented pace. This inter-dependency – what we all call globalization today – is a multi-layered and complex phenomenon involving intense political, social and economic interaction nationally and internationally. The challenges facing national governments in managing globalization are formidable. These need to be addressed through a new, multi-layered governance structure that encompasses national and sub-national governmental entities, regional organizations, such as the EU, and global organizations, such as the WTO, IMF and World Bank. The role of informal groups, such as the G7 and G20 will also be considered.

Against the background of growing inter-dependency, the primary goal of our investigation is to analyze the international law of natural resources, including the role of trade in providing access to natural resources, the effects of international trade on the sustainability of natural resources, environmental impact of trade resources, the so-called natural resources curse, and resource price volatility. Secondly, the rapid increase in preferential trade agreements (PTAs) has been a prominent feature of international trade policy in recent times. We aim to provide fresh perspectives and insights onto this important area of international policy. Lastly, the role of international cooperation in managing trade and the public policy challenges facing standards regimes (for example, labor and environmental), whether these emanate from the trade rules or from rules and processes involved in the setting and administration of standards.

Furthermore, the proliferation of multinational enterprises has not been accompanied by the emergence of a multilateral agreement regulating competition law. There is no supranational authority charged with generating, applying, or enforcing competition law, almost no binding international agreements on the subject, and no international requirements with respect to substantive or procedural rules. Indeed, there is not even a forum from which one can imagine a coherent transnational policy on competition emerging.

Accordingly, this Group will cooperate and simultaneously develop three projects in the period 2015-2020:

  • Project 1: International Trade and Access to Natural Resources
  • Project 2: Preferential Trade Agreements and Good Governance
  • Project 3: International Trade and Global Standards 

The researchers of this working Group, as well as their home institutions, have a broad and multidisciplinary back-ground in legal and economic theory and policy issues which will enable them to set forth ground-breaking solutions that will establish the basis for the proposed analysis of (i) international trade and access to natural resources, (ii) preferential trade agreements and good governance and (iii) international trade and global standards.